However, the precession of the equinoxes gradually lowered the stars below the European horizon, and they were eventually forgotten by the inhabitants of northern latitudes. As the name suggests, it's in the south. The flag of Brazil shows five, but the fifth one is on the left side, not the right. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flags_depicting_the_Southern_Cross. , Constellation in the southern celestial hemisphere, "Southern Cross" redirects here. The bottom star Alpha Crucis (Acrux α) is a binary star, with both considerably larger than the sun. Guitar Ukulele Piano new. , Crux is bordered by the constellations Centaurus (which surrounds it on three sides) on the east, north and west, and Musca to the south. To the southeast figures a large, relatively near dark nebula spanning 7° by 5° known as the Coalsack Nebula, portions of which are mapped in the neighbouring constellations of Centaurus and Musca. PRICING. These simple star charts will help beginners recognise the major landmarks of the night sky and follow the motions of the bright planets.  Historians generally credit João Faras[a] for being the first European to depict it correctly. FOOTAGE. The Southern Cross is mentioned in the Australian National Anthem, "Beneath our radiant Southern Cross we'll toil with hearts and hands". The first thing you'll notice after dusk south of the equator is that the northern constellations appear upside down. At the top is Gamma Crucis (Gacrux γ) and to the right is Delta Crucis (Decrux δ). AUDIO. In some strange and mysterious way, the four stars that comprise the constellation Crux — better known as the Southern Cross — have come to represent the lands that lie below the equator. It is a stunning sight even in backyard telescopes. , Various peoples in the East Indies and Brazil viewed the four main stars as the body of a ray. Check our website each month to download free star charts for night sky exploring. Beta Centauri - aka Hadar - joins Alpha Centauri in pointing to the Southern Cross. , In Mapudungun, the language of Patagonian Mapuches, the name of the Southern Cross is Melipal, which means "four stars". The five stars of the Southern Cross are believed to be between 10 and 20 million years old. By Stella Woods, 01-06-2008 . The STAR program allows you to secure your place in a Southern Cross University degree before your ATAR results are even released.  In Samoa the constellation is called Sumu ("triggerfish") because of its rhomboid shape, while α and β Centauri are called Luatagata (Two Men), just as they are in Tonga. It can be seen from any location south of latitude 27°N. [c] The four main stars that form the asterism are Alpha, Beta, Gamma, and Delta Crucis. It boasts four Cepheid variables that may all reach naked eye visibility. D. 2. A mining businessman gets involved in crimes and murderers as he flees from another businessman who plans to dump nuclear waste illegally in abandoned coal mines in southern Chile.  how many stars are in the constellation crux depends on how faint you want to go. The Confederate battle flag, also known as the “Southern Cross”, is the most well known flag associated with the Confederacy. G. 3. , Among Tuaregs, the four most visible stars of Crux are considered iggaren, i.e. Miles received various feedback on this design, including a critique from Charles Moise, a self-described "Southerner of Jewish persuasion." Location . The Portuguese know Acrux as the Star of Magellan (Estrela de Magalhães). The Army of the Southern Cross (often referred to simply as Southern Cross and sometimes referred to as The Armies of the Southern Cross) was a military force and was part of theUnited Earth Forces.. This is the main inner arm in the local radial quarter of the galaxy. , Emery Molyneux and Petrus Plancius have also been cited as the first uranographers (sky mappers) to distinguish Crux as a separate constellation; their representations date from 1592, the former depicting it on his celestial globe and the latter in one of the small celestial maps on his large wall map. It is the brightest of the stars that form the Southern Cross, one of the best known asterisms in the southern sky.Acrux lies at a distance of 320 light years from Earth. many first-time viewers are surprised at how small the southern cross is. The five stars that make up the Southern Cross - Alpha, Beta (also known as Mimosa), Delta, Gamma and Epsilon Crucis - are 10 to 20 million years old. Many of these brighter stars are members of the Scorpius–Centaurus Association, a large but loose group of hot blue-white stars that appear to share common origins and motion across the southern Milky Way. Crux is a constellation centred on four stars in the southern sky in a bright portion of the Milky Way. In this era, south of Cape Town, Adelaide and Buenos Aires (the 34th parallel south), Crux is circumpolar and thus always appears in the sky. One reason to visit the Southern Hemisphere is to see the star system closest to us. The two stars are Alpha Centauri and Beta Centauri, which is the one closer to the Cross in the sky. The Southern Cross is known by many different Aboriginal names. It is among the most easily distinguished constellations as its hallmark (asterism) stars each have an apparent visual magnitude brighter than +2.8, even though it is the smallest of all 88 modern constellations. Southern Cross Stars. The dogs' heads are marked by Alpha and Beta Centauri.  X Research source Instead, look for the bright constellation Crux, the Southern Cross, which consists of four stars that form the ends of the cross’ upright and crosspiece. In the Southern Hemisphere, the Southern Cross is frequently used for navigation in much the same way that Polaris is used in the Northern Hemisphere. Next Page. Between the two is the even larger and dimmer Diamond Cross. The Crux in the flag of New Zealand, therefore, has four stars instead of five. To the left is the blue-white star Mimosa or Beta Crucis (Becrux β), the brightest of the group and almost five times the size of our sun. Tools. National Anthem. The closest is 88 light-years from Earth, the furthest 364 light-years away. The Southern Cross is familiar to many cultures in the southern hemisphere and is featured in the national flags of Brazil, Australia, Papua New Guinea, New Zealand, and Samoa. A. The Aranda people of central Australia saw the four Cross stars as the talon of an eagle and Gamma Centauri as its leg.  The official constellation boundaries, as set by Belgian astronomer Eugène Delporte in 1930, are defined by a polygon of four segments. Click the month to download the pair of star charts – one looking east, the other west. The Crux also contains the dark Nebula, “Coalsack” in its southern part. , Explorer Amerigo Vespucci seems to have observed not only the Southern Cross but also the neighboring Coalsack Nebula on his second voyage in 1501–1502. This aquatic theme is also shared by an archaic name of the constellation in Vietnam, where it was once known as sao Cá Liệt (the ponyfish star). The Mocoví people of Argentina also saw a rhea including the stars of Crux. Dante may have known about the constellation in the 14th century, as he describes an asterism of four bright stars in the southern sky in his Divine Comedy. With the help of binoculars or a telescope, one can see a cluster of many blue and red stars in the Southern Cross with the bright stars more prominent and shaped like a cross. They also appear on the flags of the Australian state of Victoria, the Australian Capital Territory, the Northern Territory, as well as the flag of Magallanes Region of Chile, the flag of Londrina (Brazil) and several Argentine provincial flags and emblems (for example, Tierra del Fuego and Santa Cruz). Stars such as Altair, Alpha Centauri A and B, and Procyon A are called dwarf stars; their dimensions are roughly comparable to those of the Sun. The Big Dipper is also useful for finding other stars. The Southern Cross or Crux is the smallest of the 88 constellations. The Southern Cross on the New Zealand flag only has four stars, while the Aussie one has six and is more astronomically correct, though any New Zealander will tell you that’s just the Australians being picky. It consists of four large stars and one little one.  The Kalapalo people of Mato Grosso state in Brazil saw the stars of Crux as Aganagi angry bees having emerged from the Coalsack, which they saw as the beehive. 1 of 27. The Australian, Papua New Guinean and Samoan flags all show five stars, while the New Zealand and Tokelau flags only show the four main stars. Gamma Crucis or Gacrux, at the top of the cross, is a distinct red-orange star, and stands out in contrast to the other, blue-white stars of the cross. 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